An introduction to World War I A victim of trench warfare during the Western Front, discovered long after the armistice World War I was a defining event in world history. In August the nations of Europe tumbled into a war that would ravage their continent and shape the course of the next century. Mankind had known wars of destruction and folly before — but none approached the scale and barbarity of World War I.
The Holocaust What was it? The Holocaust is one of the most terrible events in human history. Six million Jewish people were murdered by the Nazis. This included as many as 1 million Jewish children. Millions of other people that Hitler didn't like were killed as well. This included Polish people, Catholics, Serbs, and handicapped people.
It is thought that the Nazis murdered as many as 17 million innocent people. He considered Jewish people to be less than human. Hitler also believed in the superiority of the Aryan race.
He wanted to use Darwinism and breeding to create a race of perfect people. Hitler wrote in his book Mein Kampf that when he became ruler he would rid Germany of all the Jews. Not many people believed he would really do this, but as soon as he became Chancellor he started his work against the Jews.
He made laws that said Jews had no rights. Then he organized attacks on Jewish businesses and homes. On November 9, many Jewish homes and businesses were burnt down or vandalized. This night was called the Kristallnacht or "Night of Broken Glass".
This area was called a ghetto and was fenced in with barbed wire and guarded.
There was little food, water, or medicine available. It was also very crowded with multiple families sometimes sharing a single room to live in. Concentration Camps All Jewish people were eventually to be brought to concentration camps.
They were told they were relocating to a new and better place, but this was not the case. Concentration camps were like prison camps. People were forced to do hard labor. The weak were quickly killed or died of starvation. Some camps even had gas chambers. People would be led into the chambers in large groups only to be killed with poison gas.
The concentration camps were horrible places. They would hide with non-Jewish families. Sometimes they would pretend to be a part of the family and sometimes they would hide in hidden rooms or in a basement or attic.
Some were able to eventually escape across the border into a free country, but many hid for years sometimes in the same room.
Stories and Heroes of the Holocaust There are many stories of Jewish people striving to survive during the Holocaust and the heroes who helped them. Here are a few: She and her family hid from the Nazis for two years before they were betrayed and captured. Anne died in a concentration camp, but her diary survived to tell her story.
Schindler's List - This movie tells the story of Oskar Schindler, a German businessman who managed to save the lives of over one thousand Jewish people who worked in his factories. Corrie gets caught by a spy, however, and is sent to a concentration camp.
Corrie survives the camp and is let free at the end of the war. Activities Take a ten question quiz about this page.- The Holocaust could best be defined as the mass killing of about 6 million Jewish people during World War II. A lot of events led up to the Holocaust, during the Holocaust, and even after the Holocaust.
During World War II Dmitry was imprisoned in Dachau for 22 months. The reason for his imprisonment is not known. Photo released by the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum.
The Holocaust (also called Ha-Shoah in Hebrew) refers to the period from January 30, - when Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany - to May 8, , when the war in Europe officially ended.
During this time, Jews in Europe were subjected to progressively harsher persecution that ultimately led to the murder of 6,, Jews ( million of .
World War I (–18) marked the first great international conflict of the twentieth century. The trauma of the war would profoundly shape the attitudes and actions of both leaders and ordinary people during . Because the Holocaust involved people in different roles and situations living in countries across Europe over a period of time—from Nazi Germany in the s to German-occupied Hungary in —one broad explanation regarding motivation, for example, “antisemitism or “fear,” clearly cannot fit all.
By the time the Second World War came to a close, the Germans together with their associates had killed two in every three Jews as part of the Final Solution policy adopted by the Nazi regime (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, para 3).