France mandates the use of French in official government publications, public education except in specific cases though these dispositions[ clarification needed ] are often ignored and legal contracts ; advertisements must bear a translation of foreign words.
Among the Romans this letter was used in criminal trials. The judges were furnished with small tables covered with wax, and each one inscribed on it the initial letter of his vote; A, when he voted to absolve the party on trial; C, when he was for condemnation; and N L, non liquet when the matter did not appear clearly, and be desired a new argument.
A divorce a mensa et thoro, is rather a separation of the parties by act of law, than a dissolution of the marriage. It may be granted for the causes of extreme cruelty or desertion of the wife by the hushand.
This kind of divorce does not affect the legitimacy of children, nor authorize a second marriage. A vinculo matrimonii; Cruelty Divorce. A QUO, A Latin phrases which signifies from which; example, in the computation of time, the day a quo is not to be counted, but the day ad quem is always included.
A court a quo, the court from which an appeal has been taken; a judge a quo is a judge of a court below. Profits a rendre; under this term are comprehended rents and services. A marriage may be dissolved a vinculo, in many states, as in Pennsylvania, on the ground of canonical disabilities before marriage, as that one of the parties was legally married to a person who was then living; impotence, q.
In New York a sentence of imprisonment for life is also a ground for a divorce a vinculo. When the marriage is dissolved a vinculo, the parties may marry again but when the cause is adultery, the guilty party cannot marry his or her paramour. When a man enters upon lands or into the house of another by authority of law, and afterwards abuses that authority, he becomes a trespasser ab initio.
And if an officer neglect to remove goods attached within a reasonable time and continue in possession, his entry becomes a trespass ab initio.
See also as to other cases, 2 Stra. But in case of an authority in fact, to enter, an abuse of such authority will not, in general, subject the party to an action of trespass, Lane, 90 ; Bae. Trespass, B ; 2 T. See generally 1 Chit. An heir, ab intestat, is one on whom the law casts the inheritance or estate of a person who dies intestate.
A Latin phrase, which signifies by a man in anger. It is applied to bequests or gifts, which a man makes adverse to the interest of his heir, in consequence of anger or hatred against him. Thus a devise made under these circumstances is called a testament ab irato. And the suit which the heirs institute to annul this will is called an action ab irato.
In the French law, the act by which a debtor surrenders his property for the benefit of his creditors. In insurances the act by which the insured relinquishes to the assurer all the property to the thing insured. In the following cases an abandonment may be made: In maritime contracts in the civil law, principals are generally held indefinitely responsible for the obligations which their agents have contracted relative to the concern of their commission but with regard to ship owners there is remarkable peculiarity; they are bound by the contract of the master only to the amount of their interest in the ship, and can be discharged from their responsibility by abandoning the ship and freight.
The relinquishment of a right; the giving up of something to which we are entitled. By the Roman law, when the master was sued for the tort of his slave, or the owner for a trespass committed by his animal, he might abandon them to the person injured, and thereby save himself from further responsibility.
It is enacted by the civil code that the master shall be answerable for all the damages occasioned by an offence or quasi offence committed by his slave. He may, however, discharge himself from such responsibility by abandoning the slave to the person injured; in which case such person shall sell such slave at public auction in the usual form; to obtain payment of the damages and costs; and the balance, if any, shall be returned to the master of the slave, who shall be completely discharged, although the price of the slave should not be sufficient to pay the whole amount of the damages and costs; provided that the master shall make abandonment within three days after the judgment awarding such damages, shall have been rendered; provided also that it shall not be proved that the crime or offence was committed by his order, for in such cases the master shall be answerable for all damages resulting therefrom, whatever be the amount, without being admitted to the benefit of abandonment.
The act of a hushand or wife, who leaves his or her consort wilfully, and with an intention of causing perpetual separation. It differs from an abatement at law in this, that in the latter the action is in general entirely dead, and cannot be revived, 3 Bl.
By this term is understood the deduction sometimes made at the custom-house from the duties chargeable upon goods when they are damaged See Act of Congress, March 2,s. ABATEMENT, pleading, is the overthrow of an action in consequence of some error committed in bringing or conducting it when the plaintiff is not forever barred from bringing another action.
Abatement is by plea. There can be no demurrer in abatement. Pleas in abatement will be considered as relating, 1, to the jurisdiction of the court; 2, to the person of the plaintiff; 3, to that of the defendant; 4, to the writ; 5, to the qualities.
As to pleas relating to the jurisdiction of the court, see article Jurisdiction, and Arch. There is only one case in which the jurisdiction of the court may be inquired of under the general issue, and that is where no court of the country has jurisdiction of the cause, for in that case no action can be maintained by the law of the land.
Law Journal 64, Meredith v.1 a picture or plan made by means of lines on a surface, canvas, etc., is placed for making that gives lists of facts, for example people's names, addresses, and telephone numbers, or the names and addresses of business companies, usually arranged in alphabetical order.
To add entries to your own. 1 a picture or plan made by means of lines on a surface, esp.
one made with a pencil or pen without the use of colour 2 a sketch, plan, or outline 3 the art of making drawings; draughtsmanship. El libro comprendido como una unidad de hojas impresas que se encuentran encuadernadas en determinado material que forman un volumen ordenado, puede dividir su producción en dos grandes períodos: desde la invención de la imprenta de tipos móviles hasta , y .
Monpazier is considered to be the most perfect, and best preserved, of all the plus bastides that have survived in the Aquitaine region, singled out by no less an authority than Le Corbusier. The Business Model Canvas (BMC) gives you the structure of a business plan without the overhead and the improvisation of a ‘back of the napkin’ sketch without the fuzziness (and coffee rings).
The Canvas has nine elements. X Business Law and Legal Enviroment, m Kindred Spirits - Adrift in Literary London, Jeremy Lewis Anthology of Short Stories Pack 2 Jazz Suites (Nso Ukraine, Kuchar) Transporter 2 Final Breath, Kevin O'Brien Risen .