They have continued to fascinate mankind long after mankind learned to stop taking those myths literally.
These artifacts include artwork in the shape of pottery and statuary, and even architecture. One of the Five monolithic theories of greek mythology lasting impressions of life within these societies exists in the form of the classical mythology that comes out of that period in world history.
The Ancients had mythical stories in abundance on topics as vast as the creation of the universe and the pantheon of Gods at the helm, to the explanation of how man acquired fire, to suppositions on the origins of animal and insect species.
Almost all civilizations have some form of mythology or cultural storytelling, but the Greeks and Romans have been given unlimited levels of attention both by readers in the modern setting who are interested in the perspective and by scholars who look at the myths as means by which the past can be more clearly revealed.
Kirk explored the potential reasons for the creation and propagation of the various Greek, and by extension the Roman, myths including: All myths are in essence, nature myths; at least that is in accordance with the first of the monolithic theories regarding ancient myth.
According to Kirk, this is because they refer to "meteorological and cosmological phenomena"p. The Ancient Greeks and Romans, mostly the Greeks as much of the Roman mythology is directly based upon the mythologies of the older society, looked up into the stars and tried to explain their origins.
The cosmos are perhaps the most mysterious part of nature because they are unreachable and yet at the same time breathtaking. Even in the modern era, mankind has been fascinated with space, leading to eventual exploration in the twentieth century.
It is assumed that somehow understanding space will allow humanity to understand the bigger questions of human existence and indeed the creation of the very earth itself.
Groupings of stars were designated certain names based upon images that the people believed they saw within the formations of stars. Some of these constellations are more important than others, based upon the name given and its relationship with daily society.
The fact that many of the characters of mythology are represented in the designated constellations shows the direct relationship between the cosmos and the rest of the society.
This theory was found to be highly inefficient because there are far more things dealt with in mythology than the natural world, including religion and class and other forms of mythology.
According to the aetiological theory, as suggested by theorist Andrew Long, all myths offer some sort of an explanation for or reason for the existence of something that exists in the real world Kirk In the days of Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome, they did not have access to most of the scientific knowledge and technology that we now take for granted.
Understandably, societies which predate modern science have tended to create explanations for phenomena which they could not otherwise understand, such as floods, lightning, and fire.
Each of these things is now explained by scientific exploration and realization about the functions of the world, the universe, and the resources that exist. Back then, though, they had no means of explaining these things and therefore developed a system of worship which would allow them to formulate a means of comprehending the incomprehensible.
Now that the times of the ancients has long past, modern scholars and historians have looked back in order to hopefully be able to understand the people and Ancient Greece and Rome and their way of life.
This theory was able to transcend the nature theory of mythology which was limited to things that exist in the natural world, but do not necessarily explain things like human behavior.Monolithic Theories of Myth Much of what is known about Ancient Greece and Rome has been ascertained via the artifacts which those cultures have left behind them.
These artifacts include artwork in the shape of pottery and statuary, and even architecture. The special nature of Greek myth: what is Greek myth vs. what is myth: literary, systematic Five "monolithic" theories of myth (after G.
S. Kirk): The Externalists 1. Monolithic Theories of Myth Much of what is known about Ancient Greece and Rome has been ascertained via the artifacts which those cultures have left behind them.
These artifacts include artwork in the shape of pottery and statuary, and even architecture. Thesis: The five theories, together, are exhaustive in that all Egyptian myths fall into at least one of the five monolithic theories. (Pinch, 42). However, the assumption that these theories are exclusive is invalid.
There have been a number of compelling theories on the nature and purpose of myths. G.S. Kirk has reviewed and classified these myths into five discrete types of monolithic, almost universal myths.
Thesis: The five theories, together, are exhaustive in that all Egyptian myths fall into at least one of the five monolithic theories.
(Pinch, 42). *monolithic theory of myth = a universal or exclusive theory of myth, one which claims to explain all myths Two other modern (non-monolithic) theories of .