Research paper christianity vs islam essay

Christianity In this paper we will examine some relevant similarities and differences between two widely known and practiced religions:

Research paper christianity vs islam essay

Zina verse[ edit ] Only one passage in the Quran prescribes a strictly legal position. It is not restricted to homosexual behaviour, however, and deals more generally with zina illicit sexual intercourse: And as for the two who are guilty of indecency from among you, give them both a punishment; then if they repent and amend, turn aside from them; surely Allah is oft-returning to mercythe Merciful.

The second verse was taken to refer to homosexual intercourse by the early Quran exegesis of Mujahid; it is also the interpretation mentioned in Tafsir Ibn Kathir and Jalalayn.

Cupbearers in paradise[ edit ] Some Quranic verses describing the paradise refer to "immortal boys" Although the tafsir literature does not interpret this as a homoerotic allusion, the connection was made in other literary genres, mostly humorously. I have a lad who is like the beautiful lads of paradise And his eyes are big and beautiful Jurists of the Hanafi school took up the question seriously, considering, but ultimately rejecting the suggestion that homosexual pleasures were, like wine, forbidden in this world but enjoyed in the afterlife.

Narrated by Abdullah ibn Abbas: If you find anyone doing as Lot's people did, kill the one who does it, and the one to whom it is done.

If a man who is not married is seized committing sodomy he will be stoned to death. The hadith collection of Bukhari compiled in the 9th century from earlier oral traditions includes a report regarding mukhannathuneffeminate men who were granted access to secluded women's quarters and engaged in other non- normative gender behavior: The Prophet cursed effeminate men; those men who are in the similitude assume the manners of women and those women who assume the manners of Research paper christianity vs islam essay, and he said, "Turn them out of your houses.

According to Everett Rowson, none of the sources state that Muhammad banished more than two mukhannathun, and it is not clear to what extent the action was taken because of their breaking of gender rules in itself or because of the "perceived damage to social institutions from their activities as matchmakers and their corresponding access to women".

Documented instances of prosecution for homosexual acts are rare, and those which followed legal procedure prescribed by Islamic law are even rarer. Islam and modernity In her book, Kecia Ali observes that "contemporary scholars disagree sharply about the Qur'anic perspective on same-sex intimacy.

Kutty, who teaches comparative law and legal reasoning, also wrote that many Islamic scholars [60] have "even argued that homosexual tendencies themselves were not haram [prohibited] but had to be suppressed for the public good". He claimed that this may not be "what the LGBTQ community wants to hear", but that, "it reveals that even classical Islamic jurists struggled with this issue and had a more sophisticated attitude than many contemporary Muslims".

Kutty, who in the past wrote in support of allowing Islamic principles in dispute resolution, also noted that "most Muslims have no problem extending full human rights to those—even Muslims—who live together 'in sin'".

He argued that it therefore seems hypocritical to deny fundamental rights to same-sex couples. Moreover, he concurred with Islamic legal scholar Mohamed Fadel [61] in arguing that this is not about changing Islamic marriage nikahbut about making "sure that all citizens have access to the same kinds of public benefits".

Islamist journalist Muhammad Jalal Kishk found no prescribed punishment for homosexuality in Islamic law [62] [ full citation needed ] [63] Several modern day scholars, including Scott Kugle, argue for a different interpretation of the Lot narrative focusing not on the sexual act but on the infidelity of the tribe and their rejection of Lot's Prophethood.

Kugle notes the Islamic "tolerance for diversity of interpretation of sacred texts. Then Kugle continues, "the implication of this verse is that no Muslim is better than another," even "a gay or lesbian Muslim. One level is "genetic inheritance.

One the basis of this reading of the Qur'an, Kugle asserts that homosexuality is "caused by divine will," so "homosexuals have no rational choice in their internal disposition to be attracted to same-sex mates.

The Lot story is interpreted as condemning "rape and inhospitality rather than today's consensual same-sex relationships. Accordingly, the Arabic language had an appreciable vocabulary of homoerotic terms, with a dozens of word just to describe types of male prostitutes.

During later periods, the age of the stereotypical beloved became more ambiguous, and this prototype was often represented in Persian poetry by Turkish soldiers.

Caliph al-Mutasim in the 9th century and some of his successors were accused of homosexuality. When he refused, the Sultan instantly ordered the decapitation of Notaras, together with that of his son and his son-in-law; and their three heads … were placed on the banqueting table before him".

However, Turkish sources deny these stories. Whatever the legal strictures on sexual activity, the positive expression of male homeoerotic sentiment in literature was accepted, and assiduously cultivated, from the late eighth century until modern times.

First in Arabicbut later also in Persian, Turkish and Urdulove poetry by men about boys more than competed with that about women, it overwhelmed it. Anecdotal literature reinforces this impression of general societal acceptance of the public celebration of male-male love which hostile Western caricatures of Islamic societies in medieval and early modern times simply exaggerate.

European travellers remarked on the taste that Shah Abbas of Iran had for wine and festivities, but also for attractive pages and cup-bearers. A painting by Riza Abbasi with homo-erotic qualities shows the ruler enjoying such delights.

As was customary everywhere until the nineteenth century, homosexuality was not viewed as a congenital disposition or 'identity'; the focus was on nonprocreative sexual practices, of which sodomy was the most controversial. Evidence includes the behavior of rulers. Few literary works displayed hostility towards non-heterosexuality, apart from partisan statements and debates about types of love which also occurred in heterosexual contexts.

The medical term ubnah qualified the pathological desire of a male to exclusively be on the receiving end of anal intercourse.Christianity vs. Judaism Essay. Words 2 Pages. Gabriel Tajimaroa Donavan Ingram Eng 1A April 3 Research Essay Christianity vs.

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Buddhism There are many religions and sacred texts that have shaped complete civilizations and cultures. Christianity, Judaism, and Islam Paper.

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Research paper christianity vs islam essay

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